Thursday, January 6, 2011

Theological Words of the Day


Describes the rule of faith proposed by St. Vincent of Lerins in the fifth century A.D. which seeks a universal consent of the faith that bears the mark of antiquity—ubiquesemperomnibus(“everywhere, always, all”). If one’s faith did not meet this criteria, it was not considered “catholic” (that of the true, “universal” church).
From the fourth chapter of The Commitorium:
“Now in the Catholic Church itself we take the greatest care to hold that which has been believed everywhere, always and by all. That is truly and properly ”catholic,” as is shown by the very force and meaning of the word, which comprehends everything almost universally. We shall hold to this rule if we follow universality (i.e., ecumenicity), antiquity, and consent. We shall follow universality if we acknowledge that one Faith to be true which the whole Church throughout the world confesses; antiquity if we in no wise depart from those interpretations which it is clear that our ancestors and fathers proclaimed; consent, if in antiquity itself we keep following the definitions and opinions of all, or certainly nearly all, bishops and doctors alike.”


[noe-eht’-ik] (Greek noesis, “understanding” from Greek nous, “mind”)

The concept in Christian theology that argues for the negative effect of sin on the minds of all people. This effect changes man’s thinking and ability to understand. It is not that the mind is incapacitated, but that sin has a deteriorating effect on our ability to think and believe. This effect is primarily seen with regard to our understanding and perception of spiritual things. All Christian traditions believe that sin has debilitated the mind, but some will differ with respect to the degree or what the remedy is.

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